Preoperative assessment of computerized tomography angiography to predict success for crossing long Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus D lesions using the optical coherence tomography catheter
Kim, et al. Vascular 2018 Aug;26(4):362-367.
Objectives: Optical coherence tomography chronic total occlusion catheter, the Ocelot (Avinger Inc., Redwood City, CA), has been utilized to cross Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus D lesions. This study evaluated the preoperative computerized tomography angiography of chronic total occlusions in the superficial femoral artery to predict clinical success.
Methods: We reviewed all patients who underwent lower extremity procedures with the Ocelot catheter from June 2014 to August 2016. Patients who had a preoperative computerized tomography angiography were evaluated. Final outcomes, plaque morphology, lesion length, calcium surface area, lesion location, and patient characteristics were analyzed.
Results: A total of 107 patients underwent lower extremity interventions with the Ocelot catheter. Seventy patients had a preoperative computerized tomography angiography scan prior to lower extremity intervention and 77% (54) had Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus D lesions that were crossed. Mean age was 62.8 years and 68.6% were male. Mean chronic total occlusion length was 182.7 mm (170.8 mm crossed vs. 222.6 mm uncrossed, p¼0.03). Calcium distribution differed significantly (p<.01): circumferential (14.8 vs. 12.5%); eccentric (85 vs. 62.5%); and complete calcium occlusion (0 vs. 25%) for lesions that were crossed and uncrossed, respectively. Significant differences (p<.0001) were found when calcium occlusion was less than 50% (87 vs. 31%), 51–75% (9.3 vs. 31.2%), and 76–100% (3.7 vs. 37.5%). Total calcium length in crossed lesion was 51.6 mm, and 92.8 mm in uncrossed lesions (p¼0.10). No significant differences were noted for patient gender, occlusion location (proximal, middle, and distal superficial femoral artery), and kidney function.
Conclusion: The Ocelot catheter is an effective method to cross long Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus D lesions. Superficial femoral artery lesions longer than 17 cm and focal plaque morphology, specifically a total crosssectional area of calcium and a calcium surface area greater than 50% were most predictive of failure to cross Trans- Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus D superficial femoral artery lesions. Computerized tomography angiography is an effective tool to predict success for crossing chronic total occlusions using optical coherence tomography technology and a critical consideration for patient selection.
KEYWORDS: Optical coherence tomography catheter, superficial femoral artery, Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus D