Peripheral Arterial Disease in People with Diabetes
Clark, N. Diabetes Care 2003 Dec; 26(12): 3333-3341.
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition characterized by atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the lower extremities. While PAD is a major risk factor for lower-extremity amputation, it is also accompanied by a high likelihood for symptomatic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Although much is known regarding PAD in the general population, the assessment and management of PAD in those with diabetes is less clear and poses some special issues. At present, there are no established guidelines regarding the care of patients with both diabetes and PAD.
On the 7–8 of May 2003, a Consensus Development Conference was held to review the current knowledge regarding PAD in diabetes. After a series of lectures by experts in the field of endocrinology, cardiology, vascular surgery, orthopedic surgery, podiatry, and nursing, a vascular medicine panel was asked to answer the following questions:
1) What is the epidemiology and impact of PAD in people with diabetes?
2) Is the biology of PAD different in people with diabetes?
3) How is PAD in diabetes best diagnosed and evaluated?
4) What are the appropriate treatments for PAD in people with diabetes?